You can’t go into any building with more than one story without facing the age-old choice of elevator or stairs. For a long time, the stairs were the only way to go in terms of transportation until the elevator came along. The elevator was referenced in works by Roman architects, and they were powered by humans getting the box and hauling themselves up, or by animals.
They were also used in warfare to hold up battering rams by medieval armies, and soon prototype elevators were used by medieval royalty. Then, instead of hauling up people, elevators began hauling up goods in the industrial age as cargo lifts, moving large amounts of raw resources from area to area as factories began to spring up.
As time marched on, elevators moved from being steam-powered to being powered electrically, and also began to have safety cables attached in case the rope holding the elevator car broke. Then they evolved into the automated systems that we know today, although the people of the 1900s needed a prerecorded voice telling them how to make the shift from man powered elevators to automated ones.
There are many different types of elevators in use today, but many of them operate on the same principle which is that of a motor that moves the elevator car up and down, and is connected to a rope or hoist. You get in the car, press the button to go to the desired floor, and the elevator electronically sends you there, before the doors open and you leave.
They’ve had quite a history, but in all this time, their purpose of helping you move from area to area hasn’t changed at all. So whether they are moving items or people, it’s nice to know they can always be counted on.